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Common sense of container freight
Mar 01, 2018

Common sense of container freight

Containers in the import and export goods transport widely used, the following is some common knowledge about container shipping:

  I. Container (container) The so-called container, refers to a certain strength, stiffness and specifications designed for the use of large-scale cargo containers. The use of container transhipment cargo, the consignor's warehouse can be loaded directly to the consignee's warehouse unloading, half-way replacement car, the ship, no need to remove the goods from the box. According to the types of goods loaded, there are groceries containers, bulk containers, liquid cargo containers, refrigerated containers, etc .; according to the manufacturing materials, wood containers, steel containers, aluminum containers, glass containers, stainless steel containers; , There are folding containers, stationary containers, etc., in fixed containers can also be divided into closed containers, open containers, rack containers, etc .; by total weight, there are 30 tons of containers, 20 tons of containers, 10 tons of containers, 5 Ton container, 2.5 ton container and so on.


  II. Container's overall external dimensions The maximum length, width and height of the external container including the container's permanent accessories. It is to determine the container can ship, chassis trucks, trucks, rail vehicles between the main parameters of the dress. It is an important technical information that transportation departments must master.

  Third, the container size (container's internal dimensions) The largest container inside the length, width and height dimensions. The height is the lowest distance from the floor of the box to the ceiling of the box, the width is the distance between the two inner linings, and the length is the distance between the inner side of the box door and the inner lining of the end wall. It determines the maximum size of the container and the contents of the container.

  Container contents (container's unobstructed capacity) According to the container size of the loading volume. The same specifications of the container, due to the different structure and manufacturing materials, its content slightly different. Container volume is the material department or other boxing people must master the important technical information.

  V. Twenty-feet equivalent units (TEU), also known as 20-foot conversion units, are the units for calculating the number of containers. At present, most of container shipping in all countries adopts two kinds of containers of 20 feet and 40 feet in length. In order to unify the calculation of the number of containers, the 20-foot container is taken as one unit of calculation and the 40-foot container is taken as two units of calculation to facilitate the uniform calculation of the container operation.

  VI. Container leasing (container leasing) That is, the owner of the empty box leased to the user's business. The owner of the container is a rented container, and the user, usually the shipping company or the owner, is the renter, and both parties sign the leasing contract. By the lessor to provide qualified containers by the lessee within the agreed range of use. Container leasing, the international community there are many different ways, summed up: Cheng rent, time charter, current charter flights and air routes within the block and so on.

  VII. Container loading and unloading area (container terminal) is the container handling, handling of boxes or cargo loading and unloading exchange of the specific handling department. It is entrusted by the carrier or its agents to carry out the following businesses:

  FCL freight exchange, custody;

  A container freight station who, for LCL handover;

  Arrange berthing of container ships, loading and unloading of containers, preparation of loading plans for each voyage;

  Handle the compilation of the relevant shipping documents;

  Prepare and sign the relevant documents for the access of container vehicles and their circulation;

  Handling of containers and delivery vehicles, loading and unloading tools for inspection, maintenance, and empty tank cleaning, fumigation and other work;

  Send and receive empty storage, storage and custody;

  Arrange stacking of empty boxes and heavy boxes at the yard, and make plans for site allocation;

  Other related business work.

  Container handling area generally by the special wharf, frontier, yard, freight station, control tower, repair department, gate and office composition.